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The CTI was established at the first Conference of Parties to the UNFCCC in 1995 by 23 IEA/OECD Member Countries and the European Commission. In 2003, the CTI gained a new status as an IEA Implementing Agreement.

The CTI’s activities are designed to be consistent with the UNFCCC objectives, in particular the framework for technology transfer incorporated in the Marrakech Accords and adopted at the Seventh Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC. As an IEA Implementing Agreement, the CTI intends to continue its current programme and to extend it into new areas consistent with its overall objectives.